Going back to 2014, it was common for whenever whatever economic data point disappointed that whomever optimistic economist or policymaker would overrule it by pointing to “global growth.” It was the equivalent of shutting down an uncomfortable debate with ad hominem attacks. You can’t falsify “global growth” because you can’t really define what it is.
Japan was common then among the world’s various economies to be relying so much on it. As I wrote that September:
The curious part about that “pick-up in global demand” is exactly what I am driving at. What he [BoJ Deputy Governor Kikuo Iwata] is saying is that the economy in Japan will get better because some nebulous notion of the global economy will get better; or, if you want to be specific, they expect the economy to improve because the economy is expected to improve. While he (and those like him) will not admit to engaging such circular logic, that is what it really amounts to…
It became a staple of mainstream analysis because it was easy and non-specific. And in many ways it has become so again, in 2017 perhaps even to that much more of an impressive (sounding) degree. This time around not only is “global growth” supposedly picking up, it is doing so in synchronized fashion. Being applied to Japan again and more so China, it’s the first time in seven or perhaps ten years, apparently, that this has happened – therefore we are meant to be very impressed by it even if it still remains undefined.
This year is shaping up to be the most synchronized for global growth since the immediate aftermath of the last recession, in a development that could ease the burden on the U.S. as the world’s economic engine.
All the major economies of the globe and the companies that make them up are picking up steam at the same time right now, the first such simultaneous recovery in years.
This is making the phrase “global synchronous recovery” among the favorites of bulls on Wall Street.
If such a thing was to occur, its presence would immediately be felt in global trade. There was some rise in trade late last year and even for a few months early this year, but in the interim since that just hasn’t been the case. Global trade has stalled in various localities, none more so than the United States.
The Census Bureau reported today that total US exports of goods in September 2017 rose by just 4.5% year-over-year (NSA). That result continues to suggest fading rather than accelerating global demand for US goods. On the other side, US imports were up but 4.8% in that same month. It alternately proposes fading rather than accelerating US demand for global goods.
The estimates in seasonally-adjusted terms were slightly more favorable, with both exports and imports rising month-over-month. Despite that, however, there has clearly been a slowdown (or worse, as in the case of imports) from the “reflation” impulse experienced in the second half of last year coming of the global downturn.
Given that the slump was almost two years ago now, and the deviation on the upside dating back to the start of this year, it is fair to conclude that “synchronized global growth” is more of a loose term of art (predicated on bias and hope) than anything actually specific and solid. In short, it is exactly like 2014.
That’s certainly the case for the external view of US trade, where global partners keep waiting for the month or even year where US demand for their material comes close to matching the mainstream descriptions. Imports from China were up 8.1% in September (NSA, Y/Y), a growth rate again among the lesser results in 2017 and nowhere near what the Chinese really need for their economy to do more than raise constant questions.
The Census Bureau estimates similar numbers in imports from Europe, where in 2017 US demand for trade from across the Atlantic hasn’t at any time during the past year and a half been even close to comparable to 2017.
Part of the reason for this disconnect is that the global economy, such that it is, really should be experiencing profound growth. The economy fell off and often sharply around the world during 2014-16, which in normal times usually gives way to an equally or better rebound. Instead, this upturn continues to be worse on every front.
By all cyclical accounts, there is every reason to expect an actually strong growth impulse in all these various places – every reason but one: